Competition Area & Sport Equipment


The game is no longer restricted to coastal/seaside areas as inland recreational courts are developed more and more. It is not always possible to fulfill all sand requirements for an existing beach, but instead it is feasible to choose an area of the beach which is more appropriate to play Beach Volleyball on. This should be a must when envisioning organizing a Beach Volleyball event.

Competition area is a very important aspect of a Beach Volleyball event. It must be functional allowing a clear path to all participants, media representatives, etc. securing easy access between the various functional areas. The competition area must also secure that any playing action at any of the courts is visible to the spectators.

As a recommendation, the area might be set in beautiful, natural or historical environment allowing picturesque photo shots. For further suggestions about venue and location, please refer to the section Venue & Facilities.

The competition area must be safe with a well drained playing surface combining a good sun exposure using the best possible orientation and avoiding, as much as possible, problematic winds. Organizers are responsible to ensure the proper preparation of the competition area with high quality visual standards and high technical/safety levels in accordance with the Official Beach Volleyball Rules.

competition_dimension_area-COMPETITION COURT DIMENSIONS

For each competition court, a playing area of minimum 26 meters - maximum 28 meters X minimum 18 meters – maximum 20 meters must be set up with the following key measurements: The court: 8 meters X 16 meters; the free zone: 5 meters minimum - 6 meters maximum on each side with a space free from any obstruction up to a minimum height of 12.5 meters from the playing surface.



All competition courts must have the same orientation as the centre court.


Organizers must study in detail the orientation of the courts in order to minimize the adverse effects of the nature and public space (i.e. suns, wind, avoid dirty sand in some areas, etc.).

In areas affected by strong winds, the stadium structure must be constructed to provide maximum protection for the centre and outside courts.

Courts are usually orientated parallel to the sea, lake or river for the following reasons:

  • To fully exploit the space on the beach;
  • To give equal wind conditions (i.e. breeze) during the game;
  • To provide equal conditions to both teams and to minimize the impact of the sun, the stadium’s net line should be oriented on North-South axes.

For televised events, the stadium should be conceived in order to minimize the impact of the shadows as it affects the picture viewed on television.

All courts are orientated in the same direction as the Centre court

THE NUMBER OF COURTSthe-number-of-courts-350-24

The organizers must set-up as many competition courts fully equipped as per given event`s requirements and as needed in order to comply with the competition schedule previously established for the tournament.


It is recommended that a net of a minimum 3 m height separates adjacent courts to prevent the ball from “flying out”.

As a minimum of 1 official warm up court for each gender at the venue should be provided, as well as a minimum of 2 official training courts for each gender at the venue, if not they should be reachable by shuttle-service (provided by the organizer). These courts should be provided at the latest two days prior to the event.


Approximately 4`300 tonnes of sand will be used for the Beach Volleyball tournaments at the 2012 Olympic Games in London, UK.


The terrain and playing surface must be composed of leveled sand (as flat and uniform as possible) free of rocks, shells or dangerous particles that may cause cuts or injuries to the athletes. For health and hygiene reasons the sand should not be contaminated by domestic or wild animals` faeces.

Sand at a Beach Volleyball tournament should be a minimum 40 cm deep. The sand conditions should be the same on the centre court, side courts and warm-up courts.

The Beach Volleyball Sand Requirements

For international world competitions, the FIVB in collaboration with a specialized sand laboratory in Canada, Hutcheson Sand & Mixes, has developed a set of requirements that determine good quality Beach Volleyball sand. The below requirements may be considered as a recommendation to strive for to secure the best conditions for the athletes to play on, as well as prevent injuries.




Fine gravel

2.0 mm


Very Course sand

1.0 mm - 2.0 mm


Coarse sand

0.5 mm - 1.0 mm

min of 80%

Medium sand

0.25 mm - 0.5 mm

max of 92%

Fine sand

0.15 mm - 0.25 mm

7%- 18%

Very fine sand

0.05 mm - 0.15 mm

not greater than 2.0%

Silt and Clay

below 0.05 mm

not greater than 0.15%

Building the sand box at side courts

The above requirements related to the particle sizes allow for excellent drainage and should be considered to successfully face all weather conditions.

The recommended sand particle shape for Beach Volleyball court installations would have the following criteria: physical properties; be naturally weathered; be sub angular/rounded; not be acquired from a crushed rock source.


Building the sand box at the Center court
The sand box for one of the side courts

How to Find Suitable Sand?

The following steps should enable one to find suitable sand in many different geographical locations around the world.


Many of us are exposed to only being able to deal with the existing beaches and government regulations that state that sand cannot be imported to an existing site. This means dealing with the original material (existing sand) and preparing it for the play.

To prepare the sand for the play, the following needs to be done:

  • Ensure having an adequate depth on the existing beach of at least 25 cm of loose un-compacted material/sand. This may mean loosening the sand to that required depth (this may be done with rototilling machine or manually. The sand should be of a well graded combination, like sugar, NOT like flour as it will compact again quickly and create a hard and dangerous playing surface. The other problem with the finer sands is that they will not drain quickly and also compromise the playability of the court surface.
  • Ensure that ALL foreign debris, rocks, glass, shells, roots etc. have been thoroughly removed from the courts surface area and into the free zone. Small screening plants/machines are available to assist in this procedure or by means of raking and hand picking all of this material. It must be removed!



When looking for sand for a new Beach Volleyball Court surface, there are many types of sands available to the market.

If the sand that has the right characteristics is available, it is recommended to ask the right questions to the local aggregate supplier and describe in detail what you are looking for:

  • The sand must be a very clean or washed material.
  • Large amounts of silt or clays are not acceptable.
  • The largest particle size we want to have in the specification is 1 mm. no stones, pebbles, corral, shells etc. (see the sand specifications above at the Beach Volleyball Sand Requirements)
  • Sub-angular sand, rather than sharp sand. Crushed products are not acceptable.
  • Lighter color sand, preferred over dark brown or black sand.
  • Sand that resembles a quality sugar feel. Soft, yet loose to the touch.

If the material corresponds to the above description, compaction will not be an issue, nor will the problems of drainage, in case of inclement weather.



The finer the sand, the less problems might be encountered!

One of the ways to do a quick test is to add about half a handful of the sand chosen, to a water bottle and shake it!!! If the sand settles to the bottom quickly and you can see through the water, you are in the right direction.

Should the sand however, stay suspended in the water and create a brown cloud color, not settle and you cannot see through the bottle, discard the sand and start looking elsewhere!

If and when purchasing sand from a supplier, ensure the quality is there, and should you have any doubts ask for a sieve analysis and a sample of the material for approval.

For further information please feel free to contact:

logo_hutchesonMr. Todd Knapton
Hutcheson Sand & Mixes
8 West Street South, Huntsville, Ontario P1H 1P2
Office: +1 (705) 789-4457
Cell: +1 (705) 788-5807
Fax: +1 (705) 789-1049

hutche_sand_mixesIf you are interested in more details about the Hutcheson Sand & Mixes, sand selection sand testing procedures, please refer to the Power Point presentation.



Volleyball England – Development of Sand Volleyball Court

volley_ball_england Due to the fact that Beach Volleyball is now an established Olympic sport with a thriving professional world tour, and the Volleyball England Beach tour growing rapidly, Volleyball England has identified a demand for more Beach Volleyball courts in public areas for casual play. To satisfy this demand, Volleyball England supported by Sport England has developed a plan facilitating a conversion and modification of underused public tennis courts into sand courts to open up new opportunities for beach sports. The method of conversion utilizes recycled materials and involves minimal construction work. As part of the above initiative, the legacy of the VISA FIVB Beach Volleyball International (Olympic Beach Volleyball Test Event) held on 9-14 August 2011 at the Horse Guards Parade in London is being preserved by using the sand of the event to set-up 5 courts in London public areas. The same concept will be applied for the sand of the 2012 Olympic Games in London to build up even more courts for recreational use. For further details about the Volleyball England initiative, please refer to the Volleyball England Development of Sand Courts publication


Cleaning the sand manually at a Beach Volleyball tournament in Agadir, Morocco

Before and during the event it is needed to maintain the sand at all times in a clean condition. The sand may be cleaned manually with equipment that is used for concrete buildings` construction or there might be more expensive systems/machines used by recreational resorts, private beaches` owners, etc.


Bigger size beach sand cleaner/ groomer
Small size beach sand cleaner / groomer

rototiller-300-210The Rototiller Machine

A rototiller is a motorized cultivator with rotary blades that turns over the sand. This is used to improve the quality of the sand (especially in case of rain). A minimum of one (1) rototilling machine should be available during the entire duration of the tournament. The rototilling machines might be expensive to acquire, therefore a suggestion would be to rent it for the event. If not possible, manual rakes may be used instead.

The Rototilling machine


The Beach Volleyball posts need to be firmly anchored so that they do not pull out during play. The posts will usually consist of two parts. A socket base plate is anchored in a cubic meter concrete base. The second part, the main post drops into this socket. A locking mechanism is needed so that the posts can be replaced or removed quickly if necessary. The locking mechanism will be below the sand level so that it does not cause danger players and it can be easily excavated.

There are several options how to set up the poles. The best fitting option would depend on the location where the court is being built on, the resources available to be used and the natural ground quality the poles need to be fixed in.

Option 1 – Ropes and padding

Option to secure poles with ropes or cables to maintain the poles` position by creating a tension is the most common one and easy to do with limited resources. However, the FIVB discourages using ropes or cables to create the necessary tension onto the post as this system may be dangerous to the players.

roop_paddingFurthermore, if using the ropes and cables, one has to make sure the ropes / or cables are well padded to avoid athletes running into them and cutting themselves. Also this option might be the less stable one. Another disadvantage to consider are the fixtures to fix the ropes/cables in the ground as these might be in the players` way and may cut their feet.

This option may be suitable for amateur events or for training purposes.

Option 2 – Concrete Basement

Option to secure the position of the poles would require digging a hole / pit of 1.5 meters to 2 meters deep, where the pole is then secured/fixed with a concrete/cement to prevent it from moving which is then covered with the sand. This option will guarantee stability, but the disadvantage of this option is to remove the poles, as the cement might be heavy and needs to be dug out of the sand.


Option 3 – Longer Poles

Option to secure poles by fixing them deep into the ground is very popular in the United States and Brazil, as the natural beaches allow digging a very deep pit that secures the stability of the pole. This option might be easy to do but the natural resources have to allow digging deep in the ground.

longer_poles-500-380In order to create more stability, at the bottom of the poles, it is recommended to put a wooden piece on the outside part of the poles on the same axe of the net.

Option 4 – Cross Post Basis Installed in the Ground


Nowadays, polls and nets on Californian beaches are a fixture and part of the scenery. Public sand play is free at most beaches with balls available for rent at some concessions.

This option is very safe and stable, but might require more expensive fixture materials. It is often used for the FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour, World Championships events, as the playing courts are mostly built up inland and it is not possible to make deep holes to preserve the environment (i.e. parks, squares, etc.). The below directions will take you through all the steps of the set-up.

After having established the playing area: min 26 m. - max 28 m. X min 18 m, – max. 20 m, the next step should be to install the post’s basis, ensuring that:

  • the respective depth will ensure a safe distance from its top to the surface of the sand, simultaneously allowing the correct height of the poles/net for either men and women competition;
  • the posts will be fixed into the sand (without the use of wires) at a distance of 0.7 m - 1 m from each sideline (preferably 1 m), and their respective positions should be calculated from the center of the playing area, 4 m plus 1 m for either sides, for a total of 10 m apart.
Confirming the dimensions of the sand box at one of the side courts


Determining the position of the net basis at the sand box
Digging the posts basis at the sand box


Inserting the wooden bars at the basis of the posts
Installing the post basis
Confirming distance between posts


The Beach Volleyball net must be attached and positioned so that the distance from sidebands/antennas to each of the net posts is exactly the same.

Installing the net and the line systems
preparing_instaling1 preparing_instaling2
Preparing for installing the net
Establishing the corners of the court


When installing the lines of the court, first from the central point under the net the two (2) outer edges of the court must be established 4 meters from this point.

For each side of the court, the two (2) corners 8 meters from these two starting points and 8 meters from each other need to be located, to define the square. The accuracy of the square angles will be established by measuring the short diagonals which should be 11.31 meters.

The vertical projection of the net antennas, 8 meters apart (included in the vertical plane of the net defined by the axis of the posts) will confirm the starting points for either sidelines (4 meters from the central point).

Confirming the alignment of the court lines with the net side bands

Court Set-up


The line corner anchors must be installed in such way (i.e.: distance to a corner plus deepness) that they will combine safety together with the appropriate line tension. Normally these will be installed at an angle of 135 degrees to the side and end lines.

corner_anchor-450-236 Installing the line corner anchors


The player’s time out areas shall be located at least 3 meters away from the scorer’s table. Both player’s areas plus the scorer’s area must be set up outside the free zone and have a minimum depth of 1.5 meters. Each player’s areas should be composed as a minimum of two chairs, an umbrella and an ice chest. Water must be available at all times.

players_area-400-266 Players' Area
Players area in Stavanger
Players area in Klagenfur
Players` Area at a CEV Continental Cup leg in Montpellier, France

olympic_2008For the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, the covered time-out area was supplied by a Chinese manufacturer (FIVB homologated) JIANGSU QIANGHUAI Sports Goods Co. Ltd. ( This set-up allowed the attached cover/ umbrella to be brought up and down when needed.

Players Area at the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing


The score’s area is composed of 1 table, 2 chairs, an umbrella and an ice chest. Every scorer’s area must be equipped with a sport equipment container including: 4 balls, 1 hand pump and 1 ball pressure gauge; 1 medical first aid kit; 1 manual scoreboard and 2 paddles numbered 1 & 2; 2 line judges flags (4 for semi-finals and finals) plus 2 or 4 towels for line judges; 4 towels for ball retrievers; 1 measuring tape 20 m; tapes for lines.

The equipment container
Sport equipment

Additionally the court must be equipped with:

  • One (1) net height measuring rod;
  • Minimum two (2) flat wooden rakes;
  • System for ensuring communication between every court and the competition management, etc.

competition_area1-235-300 THE COMPETITION AREA

The distance between the bleachers and the panels, or the bleachers and the player’s plus the scorer’s areas, must ensure a 3 meters free passage way.


The panels displayed must be of standard dimensions or the dimension as determined by the sanctioning body, made of resistant, but safe material and installed at the appropriate distance from the court lines defining a symmetric free zone. competion_area2-300-199Supporting or fixing structures must be also safe.

When determining the dimensions of the panels make sure that the size of your seating options (chairs, bleachers, etc.) are appropriate to allow a clear visibility for the spectators. For example, if the seating is arranged with chairs displayed at an even level, the panel height would be advised lower to ensure that the seated spectators may see the action on the court. Make sure to use appropriate material to produce panels to avoid possible injuries of the athletes.

Rotating panels at the center court

Panels at a side court
Panels at a side court
Panels at a center court
Panels at a center court

For the Beach Volleyball Continental Cup Final leg 3 panels on the center court are allocated to the official supplier of the competition – MIKASA.


The Scoreboards for displaying the relevant information concerning the game must be set up at every court, outside the free zone.

At least 1 manual scoreboard should be installed on each outside court. When only one (1) scoreboard is available it should be installed opposite to the scorer’s table manual scoreboard. When two (2) scoreboards are available they should be set up diagonally opposite each other. On the center court, it is recommended to have 2 scoreboards – if possible electronic - in order to display all relevant information.

Information displayed on the manual scoreboard at side courts

Relevant information displayed on the scoreboards consists of tournament’s designation, set score and match score for either teams, color of either team’s jersey, either team’s country flag or country code, plus all 4 players’ names.


The Scoreboards


Courts must be watered before every match and during the games whenever deemed absolutely necessary.

High-pressure water system should be available at every court including hoses long enough for a quick and uniform watering of the court surface when the temperatures rise to high levels or the sand is fine and dusty. In case neither high-pressure water system nor hose are available, additional personnel may be needed to water the sand between matches with manual sprinklers (or canisters).

qlt_qtt-350-279 THE SPORT EQUIPMENT

Sport equipment plays a very important role at Beach Volleyball tournaments. Quality and appropriate quantities of the sport equipment help a smooth running of an event.

Quality secures that the material is adequate for the required use and that the equipment can be easily maneuvered by the volunteers that usually work at the courts, without any safety constraints.

Appropriate quantities should be available so that the various operations in the competition areas can be fulfilled and that any contingency issues can be dealt with by using the reserve equipment. Before the start of the competition their availability of the appropriate quantities of the various sport equipment must be checked against a specific check list.

The posts basis
The posts
The post padding and the net rod
The referee stand
The netscapers
Setting up the netscapers
The lines system
The court ID signs
Auxiliary officials equipment
Sport equipment containers
The ball retrievers towel
The medical emergency kit

The ball shall be spherical, made of a flexible material (leather, synthetic leather, or similar) which does not absorb humidity, i.e. more suitable to outdoor conditions since matches can be played when it is raining.


The official ball is the “Mikasa” VLS 300 (leather-like material 67 ± 1 cm). Four balls must be used on each court (3 playing balls plus 1 reserve). The overall quantity of balls required for a tournament, must take into consideration that at least two sets of 4 balls must be available per competition court, 4 new balls for every finals, plus enough balls for training and warm up purposes.

If an electric inflator is used, a manual or an electric inflator should be available for ball inflating.

Homologation of a Mikasa ball



The posts supporting the net must be rounded and smooth, with a maximum height of 2.55 meters and must preferably be adjustable in order to allow swift change of the net height between the women`s and men’s matches. Any dangerous or obstructing devices must be eliminated and the posts must be padded.

the_net-300-295Attached, but independent from the post, in order that the movements of the referee do not interfere with the net, a referee stand with padding must be installed on the opposite side of the player’s and scorer’s areas. This stand must be padded and adjustable allowing adapting the position of the referee both to the women and men’s matches.


The net is usually 8.5 meters long and 1 meter (+/- 3 cm) wide - hung taut - placed vertically over the axis of the center of the court.

For FIVB competitions, 8 meters net with smaller mesh and branding displayed between the end sides of the net pole may be used.

The two 5 cm - 8 cm wide horizontal bands made of two-fold canvas and set at the top and the bottom of the net mesh, may also display branding. Two side bands of 5 cm - 8 cm wide and 1 meter long are fastened vertically to the net and placed above each side line.

Two antennae are fastened at the outer edge of each side band and placed on the opposite sides of the net. Both side-bands or antennas are considered as part of a net.

The height of the net must be of 2.43 meters for the men and of 2.24 meters for the women, measured at the center of the playing court with a measuring rod. Both ends of the net (over the sidelines) must be at the same height (measured from the playing surface) and may not exceed the official height by more than 2 cm.

net_height-400-275 The setup of the net and antennas

beach_volley_court_line-400-394THE LINES

Two sidelines and two end lines mark the playing court. Both side lines (16 meters each) and end lines (8 meters each) are placed inside the limits of the playing court. Their short diagonal measures 11.31 meters. All lines are 5 cm - 8 cm wide and there is no center line. The lines must be of a single color that sharply contrasts with the color of the sand. No advertising or logo is allowed on the lines. This in order to make them visible to the players, officials and audience (on site spectators and TV viewers).


the_court_lines-550-386The court lines should be made of a resistant, non-abrasive material, and they must be tied at the four corners with buried round wood anchor.

Metal anchors are forbidden to fix the lines. Any exposed anchor must be made of a soft and flexible material to ensure the safety of the athletes. Lines should never be produced of sharp or cutting material as it may cause danger to the players.

Artificial Lighting system at the 2011 FIVB Beach Volleyball World Championships in Rome, Italy


Over the last two decades Beach Volleyball events have also been scheduled at night time in order to attract onsite audience and in certain cases to minimize the impact of hot temperatures. However, lighting system should be adequate with sufficient light level to allow players to compete, as well as quality TV production and photographing conditions. This may be quite expensive, and while for the international events it is mandatory to grant 1`500 lumen at 1 meter height from the sand level, for other type events, suggestion would be not to provide less than 1`000 lumen on the entire competition area.

In certain situations, it may be also good to concentrate light towards the audience (minimum 300 lumen) in order to portray the ambiance of the onsite audience.


The below sport equipment list has been designed for international Beach Volleyball events. This should be considered as a recommendation, however will need to be adapted to the specific needs and resources of a given Beach Volleyball event. To make the “necessity” materials/equipment clearer, we have identified in an additional column the items that must be provided for any Beach Volleyball event to ensure its smooth running. It is fundamental to check the availability of the equipment at the venue well in advance, in order to be able and still supply the needed equipment. This should be a must for the responsible person in the organization.







In accordance with FIVB requirements

as required by the FIVB (depth min. 40 cm)



MIKASA VLS-300 for all events concerned (or other FIVB homologated manufacturers)

2 sets of 4 balls per court, 4 new balls for every final, plus enough balls for training and warm up purposes (minimum 12)



In accordance with FIVB requirements

1 set per court + 1 set (reserve)

Posts’ pads


In accordance with FIVB requirements

1 set per court + 1 set (reserve)

Net/Net antennae


In accordance with FIVB requirements

1 set per court + 2 sets (reserve)

Lines (5-8 cm)


In accordance with FIVB requirements

1 set per court + 2 sets (reserve)

Referee’s chair possibly with adjustable height


In accordance with FIVB requirements

1 per court + 1 (reserve)

Referee’s chair pads


In accordance with FIVB requirements

1 set per court + 2 sets (reserve)

Net measuring rod


2.5 m long

1 per court + 1 (reserve)

Measuring tape


20 m long

1 per court + 1 (reserve)



1 m x 3.50 m

As per FIVB require.

Sound system


5000 watts




In accordance with FIVB requirements

2 center court/1-2 manual outside courts

Manual scoreboard (table flip chart)


In accordance with FIVB requirements

1 per court + 1 (reserve)

Sport equipment container


(balls, LJ flags, paddles, gauge, etc.)

1 per court + 1 (reserve)

Scorer’s table


50 X 120 cm

1 per court + 1 (reserve)

Scorer’s chairs



2 per court

Paddles numbered 1 & 2


(assistant scorer to control service order)

1 set per court + 1 set (reserve)

Lines judges’ red flags


30 x 30 cm

2 per court + 1 set (reserve)

Athletes’ chairs



4 per court

Umbrella for athletes’ area


(athletes’ area, scorer’s area)

3 per court + enough reserve

Ice chest


Capacity for 12 l. (min)

3 per court

Towels for the athletes



1 per Main Draw athlete at least

Towels for the linejudges


Small size (for player’s wiping glasses)

1 per linejudge + double quantities allowing daily washing

Towels for the ball retrievers


30 x 40 cm/bigger for rainy days

4 per court + double quantities allowing daily washing

Levelling rakes


Flat (wood recommended) /1 meter

2 per court + 2 reserve

Hand pump



1 per court + 1 (reserve)

Electric inflator



1 + 1 (reserve)

Ball pressure gauge


Units in mbar or hPa

1 per court + 1 (reserve)

Ball Circumference Device



1 for all courts

Ball’s scale








Wind sleeve




Rototilling machine


available during the entire event

1 minimum

Sand cleaning machine / device


available during the entire event

1 minimum

System for watering the court (especially for hot weather conditions)


High-pressure water system or manual sprinklers

1 water pipe or 6 manual sprinklers/court

System for communication courts/competition


Walkie-talkie or cellular phones

1 per court + Officials as required

Medical First aid set


(placed at the scorers table)

1 per court + 1 (reserve)

Alcohol test device


digital (recommended)

enough tests (or mouth pieces)

Optional: Lighting system


(measured 1 m above court surf.)

min. 1500 lux.

Net camera


(when requested by HTVB)

1 for Center court only

Net measuring rod


(when requested by HTVB)

1 for Center court only

Doping Control whenever required by the FIVB



as per FIVB-Organizers agreement


The use of homologated sports materials is mandatory for all FIVB events, as well as for Continental and National level events. Homologated Sports Materials are sports materials declared by the FIVB as being in accordance with the Official Volleyball Rules and thus in accordance with the FIVB international standards. For an up to date list of the homologated FIVB Sports Material and Equipment, please refer to the FIVB homologated Sports Material and Equipment list (updated each month).


A few days before the start of the tournament in order to confirm that the courts and the sport’s materials provided meet the requirements, an inspection should be carried-out by the relevant Delegates.

Referee inspects the court with the use of the “Referee Delegate Manual - App 3 (Procedure for a Court Inspection)”

They are responsible for verifying that all required courts, including the warm-up court(s) are being set-up in due accordance to the requirements (i.e.: all same orientation, depth, drainage and quality of the sand, correct measurements of the various court lay-outs, etc).

The Tournament Director, the Competition Director and the Operational Director, must also attend the inspection visit. At the very latest the day before the start of the first matches, a final homologation of the courts and sport equipment must take place.

This homologation process must be preceded by an in-depth court and equipment checking conducted by the tournament referees under the coordination of the Referee Delegate.

The results are then reported to the Technical Supervisor who has the authority to homologate the courts. For the FIVB world events this is done by using a control checklist where all details concerning the safety, dimensions and sport equipment availability are duly recorded. See “Referee Delegate Manual” 2012 - App 3 (Procedure for a Court Inspection)”. This checklist may be adapted to the needs of a given Beach Volleyball tournament.

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